Civil engineers are responsible for a variety of infrastructure. They design and construct buildings, bridges, roads, dams, airports, tunnels and other structures. They also plan and operate infrastructure like water supply systems, waste management facilities and disposal plants. Civil engineers primarily plan, design, construct, operate, and maintain physical infrastructure including water supply systems and waste disposal plants.
They also plan for new developments in cities or rural areas to meet the needs of the public such as transportation networks or housing. Civil engineers use their knowledge of science to solve problems related to traffic flow or public safety with the goal of improving quality of life for people in their communities.
In addition to the many traditional engineering disciplines, civil engineers may have studied urban planning, environmental engineering, structural engineering, mechanical or electrical engineering and economics. Men dominate the field of civil engineering and make up 80% of workers in the field.
Civil engineers in Canada earn an average salary of $88,000 which is higher than their counterparts in other industries. Students typically begin training by taking courses in mathematics and sciences to help prepare for further studies at a university.